I have been given the opportunity to preach again this coming Sunday (yea!) and in the process of working on what I wanted to say a thought occurred to me. Now, it’s not everyday that I have thoughts that occur to me. I was actually pretty excited.
Anyway, this is what came floating through my mind, and pardon the stream of consciousness thinking here – I hope everything will make sense by the last word.
We (and I am speaking inclusively here, obviously there are exceptions to every general statement) have been working diligently over the past who-knows-how-many years (more than a decade, less than a generation) to make every verse in the Bible easy to understand. That is to say we have been teaching what the books and sections and verses of the Bible mean. But we have overlooked one very important issue that has now come back to haunt us.
We have been forgetting to teach that the Bible means something anyway.
You see, we can teach the exact meaning of every single verse in the Bible, but if we fail to teach that the Bible itself has meaning, then all of that instruction is pointless. You can teach me what every word Karl Marx wrote means, and I will say to you, “So what?” You can teach me the precise meaning of every word that Joseph Smith wrote down and will respond the same way. The writings of Marx and Smith mean nothing to me, so the meanings of each individual section, sentence or word are completely meaningless to me.
So, today, we as teachers and preachers and parents and other church leaders can exegete and decipher and work out the meaning for every jot and tittle in the Bible, and the sum total of our efforts is a big fat zero because of one fundamental fact: the Bible is totally irrelevant to a large and growing population of the United States.
So, I think we need to back up a little bit and ask a fairly basic question: what does it mean to say that the Bible means something, anything?
To my generation, and certainly to generations preceding mine, it was just assumed that when you spoke from the Bible that most people would care. They might disagree with what you said, but at least the Bible mattered to them. Today I do not believe that is a valid assumption. It is my experience that a large number of people, if not a majority of people today, simply look at the Bible as a collection of myths and fairy tales. This is especially true among the college age and younger generations. So, even if you get the meaning right, it doesn’t mean anything.
We are truly living in a post-Christian, post-biblical world. I think we are going to have to stop teaching in paragraphs and go back to something a little more basic. I think we are going to have to go back and teach the alphabet.
And that means we are going to have to start living like we believe the Bible means something, before we can teach that the words within the Bible mean something.
Okay, I plead guilty. The above title is intentionally provocative. But if you stay with me, I think it is appropriate.
The lovely and always insightful Mrs. Smith and I were having a discussion this evening about several issues that are troubling us. In regard to the current state of things in the church, and with a passing reference to F. LaGard Smith’s book “Baptism: The Believer’s Wedding Ceremony,” (no relation, by the way), my wife had this observation: “You know, in just about any morally conservative church, if a couple started sleeping together outside of marriage and they based their behavior on the fact that they had ‘prayed the lover’s prayer’ and had ‘accepted one another into each other’s hearts,’ the leadership would demand that they stop sleeping with each other or, at the very least, formally declare their relationship through a legal marriage ceremony. Yet, those same churches will accept anyone as a ‘Christian’ just because of some non-biblical prayer or an emotional declaration that has no biblical support.”
Sometimes I wonder who has the better theological mind.
The image was striking to me. We have congregation after congregation after congregation that accepts individuals who claim to have an intimate relationship with Jesus and yet will deny, sometimes adamantly, that a formal rite is necessary to formalize their relationship to Christ. Some will come to that sacred rite only after they have claimed their intimacy with Jesus. Either way the only way to describe their relationship is promiscuous. They are spiritual fornicators. To borrow an earthy but descriptive phrase, they want the milk but they do not want to pay for the cow.
Throughout the pages of the New Testament the sacred rite of baptism is described in many ways: a death, burial and resurrection, an adoption, a physical union. The image of a wedding ceremony is equally powerful. Especially in the current debate over homosexual marriage and the importance of marriage in general, it is insightful to cast the ceremony of baptism as a wedding.
Why is a wedding ceremony important if two young lovers have “prayed the lovers prayer” and “accepted one another into each other’s heart?” Because we know that the power of a ceremony has a binding effect. Yes, it can be broken. But from the very beginning couples have been performing, in whatever culture they live, the sacred rite of a wedding ceremony to make their marriage union both legal and morally acceptable.
Why should we treat our union with our Savior with any less respect and honor? Especially with two worn out phrases that traffic in far more emotion than they do biblical or theological support.
Come to think of it, baptism has far more textual support* than does the formal ceremony of a wedding. So, why is it that many “Christians” will get so upset if a young couple is having sex outside of a marriage contract, and yet will gleefully accept the so-called profession of a “sinner’s prayer” or “accepting Jesus into my heart?”
And this water symbolizes baptism that now saves you also – not the removal of dirt from the body but the pledge of a good conscience toward God. It saves you by the resurrection of Jesus Christ… (1 Peter 3:21).
*Baptism is mentioned in virtually every book of the New Testament. If the word itself is not mentioned, then the rite is certainly referenced. For documentation, please consult G.R. Beasley-Murray’s book, Baptism in the New Testament.
Dear “Personal Evangelist” “Door Knocker” “Soul Winner” “Missionary” or whatever title you personally prefer,
I have a question for you, but before I ask my question I would like to compliment you on a few things.
First, I want to thank you for not asking how I was, or how my day was going before you decided that my soul needed saving. It would have slowed you down to have inquired about my health. It certainly would have taken much too long for you to have discovered that I am remembering the anniversary of my husband’s death. My daughter is suffering what might be a life shortening illness in another state, so I am glad you did not ask about my family. Living by myself I get very lonely, and so inviting you in to my home was meant to be a day brightener for me, so luckily you kept everything focused on your Bible and your notebook, so that I was not distracted by the struggles in my life.
As far as your Bible study goes, I must admit you were very well-trained by your supervisors. You stayed strictly on task, never swerving from your carefully constructed questions that only allowed me to answer one way. Of course you would have learned that I was a high school debate teacher if you had bothered to ask, but since you didn’t you never learned that I was able to see though your logic like a nicely cleaned window. But I did appreciate you taking the time to read me those passages of Scripture. The Bible has always been a great comfort to me.
I also want to commend you on the fact that you never once allowed the conversation to drift to what I might have been interested in. I actually do have some questions about the Bible, and you even touched on a couple of them, but as soon as I asked a question we always returned straightway back to the “program” that you have so obviously well memorized. Since you never answered any of my questions while you were here, I wanted to know how it was that you have your specific interpretation of a Scripture, but you are totally unable to explain or understand what your religious neighbors believe. I can tell you exactly what the other “personal evangelists” and door knockers believe, because they regularly visit me as well. But don’t be afraid, they cannot tell me anything about why their neighbors believe what they believe either. It seems like as much time as you all spend knocking on my door you might be able to spend an hour or two knocking on each other’s doors.
So, anyway, I just wanted to write this little letter of thank-you. Your visit was a diversion, although when you got to the point where I was supposed to give you a life-long commitment after you had only spent about 45 minutes with me I was a little put off. I may not be as well-trained as you, but it seems to me I remember that after Jesus appeared to Saul of Tarsus that Saul was given three days to think things over. I know it hurts your statistics, but it just seems like I could be given a little bit of time to think over what you were telling me. I am not a trained Bible student, and, to be perfectly honest, you are not Jesus, either.
Oh, by the way, I almost forgot. I had a question for you. You were in such a hurry to get to your next soul-winning appointment that after I politely refused to go with you to your church you left in such a huff that I never got to ask you this one. Please take as much time as you need to answer me, I will be here if and when you come up with an answer.
My last question to you is this, “Why should I be in a hurry to believe in a God who is so interested in saving souls that he is not interested in loving people?”
I’ll be waiting, but somehow I don’t think I will see you anytime soon.
Your last Bible study victim.
Hearing of a church (or part of a church) having worship in a bar is nothing particularly new – especially if you follow the writings of the Emergent Church. It has been the practice for some time for those who consider themselves to be a part of the “Emergent Conversation” to apply their “missional” theology and to establish worship communities in any number of venues – disco clubs, coffee houses, and yes, bars and pubs. Such endeavors are considered “edgy,” “missional” and “relevant” in our culture today. As I said, such endeavors have been in practice for quite some time now. What is new is for a fairly conservative church to do so. And so when a congregation of the Churches of Christ decided to establish a “Bar Church” and that decision was reported by the Christian Chronicle, quite a bit of fur flew. For some it was the first they had heard of such a thing. For others it was a “ho, hum” moment and they wondered why it took so long for a Church of Christ to do so publicly.
I responded to the article in the Christian Chronicle, but I felt that the issue demanded a more in-depth response than just a brief comment. So, for better or for worse, here is my understanding of the issues involved, and why I believe such an endeavor is wrong-headed even if it is right-hearted.
To begin with, I understand the thinking behind the “missional” movement, even if that term is so elastic as to be virtually worthless (and it is). I understand that for too many people the church has been an enclave of the pious and the self-righteous and they believe that the “established church” is either dead or dying, and something needs to be done about it. I get the heart. It is the head that I think is utterly wrong here, and when the head and the heart are going in two different direction the end result cannot be pretty.
One of the greatest weaknesses I see in the “Emergent” or the “Missional” church/movement/conversation is a blurring (or abject erasure) of the distinction between the holy and the profane. To set the table we must consider some of the foundational passages of the Israelite People of God:
The LORD said to Moses, “Speak to the entire assembly of Israel and say to them: ‘Be holy because I, the LORD your God, am holy.’” (Lev. 19:1, NIV)
You must distinguish between the holy and the common, between the unclean and the clean, and you must teach the Israelites all the decrees the LORD has given them through Moses. (Lev. 10:10 NIV)
Her priests do violence to my law and profane my holy things; they do not distinguish between the holy and the common; they teach that there is no difference between the unclean and the clean; and they shut their eyes to the keeping of my Sabbaths, so that I am profaned among them. (Ezekiel 22:26 NIV)
I will make known my holy name among my people Israel. I will no longer let my holy name be profaned. (Ezekiel 39:7 NIV)
Those quotations should be sufficient, although they are hardly exhaustive. There is a difference between the holy and the common, between the clean and the unclean. Repeatedly and emphatically the Israelites were commanded to observe the difference, and to keep the two separate. It should come as no surprise, then, when Peter wrote in his letter to the disciples dispersed throughout the Mediterranean world:
But just as the one who called you is holy, so be holy in all you do; for it is written: “Be holy, because I am holy.” (1 Peter 1:15)
Disciples have a hard time with holiness. For one thing, it is hard to maintain any kind of level of separation from the world today, let alone any kind of separation that would fit the description of “holiness.” Second, for generations now the big knock against Christianity has been that “you all are just a bunch of self-righteous, ‘holier than thou’ hypocrites.” So, in order to avoid being called “holier than thou” we run from anything that would separate us from the world.
Except, unless I misunderstand a major, repeated theme throughout Scripture, being separate and apart from the world is exactly what a disciple is called to be.
Returning to the issue of having a “church” or “worship” service in a place where intoxicating beverages are sold for the purpose of dulling senses, if not to the point of absolute drunkenness, then certainly as close to that line as possible. What is the purpose? This is the “heart” issue that I said I get. The intent is to reach people who would not ordinarily attend a “formal” worship service, especially among a group of people who use a special kind of language and dress and act in a way that is completely foreign to the way in which the “unchurched” person lives and speaks.
But what about the “head” issue? What is being communicated when we cease to make any distinction between the holy and the common, between the unclean and the clean?
I find it especially meaningful that in the Leviticus 10:10 passage I quoted above the immediate context relates to drinking intoxicating beverages when the priests were to enter into the Tent of Meeting to preside at worship. I also find it noteworthy that the apostle Paul in his letter extolling the perfection of the Church as the Bride of Christ uses the term “holy” as a bookend to both begin and end his thoughts (Ephesians 1:4, 5:27). Notice as well that in the Ezekiel 22:26 passage the removal of the distinction between the holy and the profane had a direct result of the profaning of the Sabbath. If you don’t know the difference between holy and profane, then you cannot separate yourself from the one in order to worship and praise the other.
Fellow disciples of Christ – we can have the best, the purest of intentions and still be woefully ignorant of both the error and the negative consequences of our actions. In Exodus 32, Aaron proclaimed a “festival to the LORD,” but the people were worshipping a golden calf and “afterward they sat down to eat and drink and got up to indulge in revelry.” (v.5-6) The apostle Paul had this to say about his fellow Jews:
Brothers, my heart’s desire and prayer to God for the Israelites is that they may be saved. For I can testify about them that they are zealous for God, but their zeal is not based on knowledge. Since they did not know the righteousness that comes from god and sought to establish their own, they did not submit to God’s righteousness. (Romans 10:1-3 NIV)
I am all in favor of reaching the multitudes of “unchurched” individuals, and I am fully in sympathy to those who see old and decaying churches as being utterly incapable of taking the initiative of reaching those individuals. But, honestly, moving worship to a bar? There can be no distinction between the “holy and the common, between the clean and the unclean” if the Holy Spirit is confused with 90 proof Tennessee sipping spirits.
As I stated in my comments regarding this right-hearted but wrong-headed endeavor: there are a lot of descriptions which might be used of such an effort. But “biblical, “missional,” “Christian,” or “holy” cannot be among those terms used.
May God give us a heart to reach the lost. But may he bless us with wisdom in our efforts so that the line between the holy and the profane, the clean and the unclean is never breached. God does read the heart. He knows our motivations. But the manner in which we exercise those intentions cannot be so profane that they ultimately defeat the intent of our heart. We must remain pure in motive and in practice!
It happens regularly. A team or an individual that is not expected to perform at a very high level starts winning games or other competitions and people start taking notice. Soon there are articles written and maybe a TV reporter drops by to do a “feel good” story about a little David slaying a giant Goliath. Then, from the middle to end of the season when other teams start peaking in the demonstration of their abilities, the little team that could starts falling apart and the losses mount. “Why is this happening?” they ask. “Everyone said we were so good – they even did a TV show about us!” The problem is they quit believing in themselves and their dream, and they started believing in their own press.
I suppose we are all prone to this behavior. A student starts out with a few “A” grades and all of a sudden he or she is labeled as a genius and before too long the “A’s” become “C’s” and everyone wants to know why. A worker gets a few promotions and everyone thinks he or she is the next CEO of the corporation, and then in a few months he or she is unemployed, the result of a series of lackluster job reviews or broken deals. The scene may change actors, but the root cause is almost identical. Someone received a little good press, started believing in his or her goodness instead of the effort and integrity it took to receive the good press, and when our pride is in our pride then the fall is not only certain, but swift.
It should come as no surprise that religious groups are also prone to this behavior. A congregation starts out small, but with absolute faith in God and his providence. Good things start to happen. Growth occurs, both numerical and spiritual. Buildings are built. Missionaries are sent. The baptistery is in use 24/7. Then, word starts to get out about the “little church that could.” Reporters stop by and stories are written. A TV show or two wants to include the church in a series on “Religion that Works.” The preacher gets invited to all the big lectureships. And the church starts believing in all of its wonderful good press and then the wheels come off. Arguments begin. Divisions rack the church. The minister runs off with the secretary. Missionaries run out of money. Buildings have to be sold off. The dream is destroyed.
Lest you think I am only writing in hypotheticals, I have an actual case history in mind. As I was growing up one story that was repeated by just about every visiting minister (and by the local minister as well) was that in the decades of the 1950s and 1960s the Churches of Christ were the fastest growing religious group in the United States. It was pretty heady stuff. We made the news magazines. We were talked about by everyone who was anyone. Even ordinary people talked about us and wondered how we were growing. Now, at this point in time I no longer believe that particular bit of “news” was true. Flavil Yeakley, Jr., has discussed this “growth” and has (in my mind) conclusively proven that it could not have been true (or, if in fact it was true, there is no way to accurately and independently verify it). But, whether it was true or not, Churches of Christ as a group in America today certainly are not growing. Individual congregations might be growing, but the movement as a whole is not. Why? How did a group that was growing in significant numbers (that much I do believe) slowly lose that growth and become stagnant, or possibly slip into decline?
Did we start believing our own positive press? Did we become proud of our own pride, and therefore seal our own fate? Did we lose sight of the all-powerful God who turns a boy’s lunch into a kingdom feast? Did we surrender the power of the Word and come to put our faith in the written (news magazine) word?
Since I have reached the age of adulthood the changes within the brotherhood of the Churches of Christ have been staggering. Every change that comes down from the ivory towers or up from the “grass-roots” promises that a new day of growth is just around the corner. Yet, our children are leaving the church in increasing numbers, and entire congregations are abandoning a heritage of commitment to Scripture and are grasping for theological straws. I am struck by a profound irony – today some of the fastest growing church groups are those who proclaim a non-denominational status, and one of the movements that was founded upon the claim of non-denominationalism is now regarded as a full-fledged denomination, and is therefore being ignored.
My answers are always provisional – at least most of them are. I don’t know why this turn of events has occurred. I do know that for many people within the Churches of Christ, our record of growth in the 1950′s and 1960 was and is a great source of pride. It also is a great way for certain ministers to instill guilt in the present generation because we are not growing at the same rate. But, maybe we had it coming to ourselves. Maybe, when we started looking at the numbers instead of looking to God that we were doomed to this result. When you start believing in your own positive press instead of the one who have you the success, bad things are bound to happen.
Here is a novel idea – let’s stop focusing on numbers and start focusing on people. Let’s learn what makes this generation tick. And let’s learn how the gospel speaks to this generation. That means we are going to have to relearn the gospel story ourselves, instead of telling other people that they should join us because we are the fastest growing religious group in the United States.
Good things happen when we believe God – and not our own positive press!
My last post was intentionally “over the top” because I wanted to illustrate the ways in which congregations make their own growth virtually impossible. In the words of Rush Limbaugh, sometimes you have to illustrate, or illuminate, the absurd using the absurd. The apostle Paul knew the value of such reasoning. “Shall we go on sinning that grace may abound?” is a question of absurdity. “By no means!” was his answer.
But today I want to be as serious as a heart attack. No absurdity today. No sarcasm or cynicism today. Just a look at the cold, hard, facts.
Cold hard fact #1 – most small, stagnant or declining congregations are small, stagnant or declining because they want to be small, stagnant or declining. Oh, you will never get anyone to admit this. If you suggested such you would be received with howls of denial and rejection. But, facts is facts, as they say. If I have learned anything in my life as a member and as a minister it is that more congregations do more things to guarantee the impossibility of their growth than they ever do to reverse trends of stagnation and decline.
Just as one example – you can spend thousands of dollars inviting the finest gospel preacher in the United States to come speak to your congregation, you can knock doors and hand out flyers and do all the greatest outreach known to modern man. But all of that money, time and effort is blown completely out of the water when one member makes a racist, pejorative comment or when a family is rudely criticized by a “guardian of the sanctuary” for having a fussy child. That was the point of my tirade yesterday.
I once attended a congregation where the minister could not mention religious error without making some of the most unkind, bitter and, quite frankly unbiblical, comments about the Roman Catholic church. I knew several Roman Catholic individuals, but I could never invite them to attend services with me because I was never sure when one of these anti-Catholic screeds would come roaring out. I knew that the minute the minister called the Pope the “anti-Christ” or used one of his other pejorative terms, the person whom I invited would never be able to view the Church of Christ as anything other than a group of hate-mongers and, what bothered me the most, was that I would be branded along with this preacher as being intolerant of another’s religion. Do I disagree with Roman Catholic dogma? Yes! Do I belive that the human Pope is the vicar of Christ on earth? NO! Do I believe in original sin, transubstantiation, or the immaculate conception of Mary? NO! But I can lovingly and faithfully teach the error of all of those positions without being hurtful or derogatory. And, although it is unnecessary to say so, some of the most Godly and devout individuals that I know are Roman Catholics. During my tenure as a hospice chaplain I learned a great deal about Roman Catholicism, and most of what I learned directly contradicted what I had been taught by Roman Catholic haters. If you only allow haters to teach you, you will end up hating and your behavior will demonstrate that.
Any church that allows that kind of behavior will never grow, and in my opinion that is exactly what they want.
Cold hard fact #2 – most small, stagnant or declining congregations buy into the theory that “evangelism” is the sole responsibility of one individual, the “preacher,” and that if the church grows it is because of his giftedness and if the church declines it is his fault and he is summarily fired.
This idea is so unbiblical as to almost defy comment. But I’ll make a few anyway.
The apostle Paul makes it perfectly clear that evangelism is one of the gifts of the Spirit (Rom. 12, 1 Cor. 12, Eph. 4). So, some preachers will obviously have this gift and others will not. But notice in these passages Paul is not talking about the role of a professional “located” ministry. HE IS TALKING ABOUT THE GIFTEDNESS OF EACH MEMBER IN EACH CONGREGATION! Every congregation is located in a particular micro-culture that in turn is situated in a series of larger and larger macro-cultures. It takes years, if not decades, to fully understand those cultures. You cannot bring in a “hired gunslinger” to do your evangelism for you if that gun slinging evangelist is clueless about the culture that he is brought into. However, a member who has lived in that culture and who knows how to communicate to that culture and who is gifted to do evangelism is what the apostle Paul is talking about. They may need some teaching and some encouragement, but that member will be able to accomplish far more lasting results than any “professional” evangelist ever could.
Just one specific example. I have lived most of my life in the Rocky Mountain regions of northern New Mexico and southern Colorado. We are a weird people, especially the closer you get to Santa Fe. (I was born in Santa Fe, so I am legally, ethically, and morally approved to say that). I can’t really put my finger on what it is, but we are just strange. It is a beautiful and charming kind of weirdness, and I would not change it if I could. But if you transplant someone from another culture into our weirdness they have a hard time adjusting. And, by the way, it makes us natives even more resistant to “foreigners” coming in and trying to change us. We will continue to eat green chile on just about anything, and forget trying to get us to use our turn indicators. No “outsider” is going to come into a small congregation of northern New Mexico and in two years change the culture. It ain’t gonna happen. So why do we think we can hire a minister and in 6 or 12 or 18 months he can magically change the culture of a congregation and suddenly produce dozens of baptisms? If the locals cannot, or will not, do it, why demand that of an outsider?
Cold hard fact #3 – God wants his family to grow. He has empowered it to grow. He has given his family His Word so that it will have the nutrients it needs to grow. What His family needs to learn how to do is to humbly submit to His power and get out of the way so that He can get back to the business of making His family grow.
When we buy into the false impression that it is our responsibility to “save souls,” when we come to view human methods and human ideas as being responsible for church growth we have guaranteed that we will fail. Over and over and over again throughout the preaching of the Old Testament prophets God spoke to Israel and said, “Don’t trust your own weak human strength. Trust me!” When they listened and trusted God things worked out pretty well. When they stopped their ears and trusted in their own strength things turned out disastrous. Why would God be any different today? Why do we look for the newest, the greatest, the flashiest, the most “proven track record of success” type of man-made, mass-produced evangelistic program when we have God’s own inspired Word as our power? Can it be that God is confusing our language so that we will finally return to his pure and simple guide for Spiritual life?
So there you have my thoughts for today. In order to really grow a congregation is going to have to seriously want to grow, and that means making some difficult decisions, and it means exercising some firm discipline against those who do not want it to grow. The congregation is going to have to accept that God has provided it with the evangelists that it needs and they do not need to, nor can the effectively, hire someone to do their work for them, and the congregation is going to have to surrender its selfish pride and learn to rely upon the power and strength of God and his Spirit.
It really does not get any more simple than that.
[last in a ponderously long series. Yea!]
I started this series in order to clarify some of my own thoughts. Hopefully in doing so I have prodded others to re-think what evangelism is all about. I simply grew tired of having some well-intentioned and highly motivated brother tell me about the latest, greatest, sure-thing evangelistic method. The whole process just strikes me as being the very pinnacle of human pride, as we have had the greatest evangelistic method now for almost 2,ooo years. We just quit paying attention to it.
So, that was the purpose of these posts. In this last installment I just want to review my main argument(s) and maybe add a final word or two.
(1) I believe the majority of the mass-produced, question and answer or “follow the bouncing Scripture” type of chain reference evangelistic methods are essentially negative. I have several reasons for drawing that conclusion. First is that they are all written by human beings, most of which live or lived in the mid to late 20th century. Second, virtually all of them begin with mankind and our predicament – that is man and sin. Third, these methodologies then move to what the student (now labeled a “lost sinner”) must do in order to have this sin removed. Those who respond are considered “saved,” those who do not are considered beyond hope and another “lost sinner” is targeted with the “plan of salvation.” So, if you begin with a late human production that focuses on the corrupted and sinful nature of human beings and you drive them to make a decision that either makes them think they have saved themselves or that drives them further into their sinful status I belive you have fairly successfully created a negative approach to evangelism.
(2) Contrast this picture with the one presented in the four gospels. The gospels begin with the unfathomable decision of God to redeem the world he created by entering into it in the form of a little baby. This baby, the Son of God, matures and begins his ministry by proclaiming the “kingdom of God is at hand.” His entire ministry revolves around teaching and explaining this kingdom of God and inviting people to enter into the kingdom. Thus, the gospels begin, continue and end with the story of God acting in the world he created in order to invite his creation to fully enjoy His kingdom, His rule. Man’s sinful condition is by no means avoided. But this condition is only considered in order to proclaim the possibility of living in a fully renewed condition which can only be attained by the gracious gift of God’s redeeming love. In the gospels man is pulled up by the grace of a loving God. In most human evangelistic methods man must pull himself up to a position he never had and therefore cannot regain.
(3) Thus, in a human constructed evangelistic program salvation is reduced to one visible point in time that can be quantitatively measured, whether it is being baptized or some other point such as “saying the sinner’s prayer.” However, in the gospels salvation is envisioned as a growing and maturing relationship with Jesus. Now, please, hear me out on this point. I am not minimizing the importance of baptism in this relationship. I believe, I teach, and I preach that baptism is a necessary aspect of this relationship, because baptism is taught in each of the gospels and in virtually every book of the New Testament as that single point in time in which we contact the blood of Jesus shed on the cross. In my mind this issue is simply beyond debate (although I will gladly do so in a generous manner with anyone who wishes to do so). I am simply pointing out that in our efforts to create a “fast, simple and effective” method of evangelism we have completely eliminated the core of the gospel, and that is discipleship is an ongoing relationship with Jesus, full of missteps, errors and new beginnings. We have turned something that begins and ends with a positive into something that begins with a negative and only ends with a positive if we as humans somehow make it end positively.
(4) This has huge implications for the current state of (un)faithfulness in the Lord’s church today. If salvation is simply a matter of saying the right words then once that has been accomplished one is free to do whatever one wishes to do. This is a subtle but real message hidden deep in these systems. Finish the process and salvation has been accomplished. A person can say, “I have paid my dues, I have learned the secret handshake, I am now a full-fledged member of the club.” Now, the writers and publishers of these question/answer and chain reference type of evangelistic methods would argue with me here, and they would point to the last page of their questions or the last few verses of their chain reference to suggest that they teach “a life of obedient behavior” following baptism. But, in so doing they make my point for me! An “obedient lifestyle” is nothing more that Pharisaical obedience to a longer and more detailed list of questions, rules and commands. If evangelism is simply getting the right answers to the right questions, or following a set of Scriptures in the correct order, then my relationship with Jesus is unimportant as long as I continue to get the right answers or memorize the correct Scriptures. But, if evangelism is viewed as the creation and ongoing and ever-deepening relationship with Jesus the Son of God, then I am compelled to live and act in such a way that demonstrates that relationship! You simply cannot “convert” someone using a boiler-plate set of questions or Scriptures and then out of the blue start talking about a transformed and revolutionized lifestyle. If you begin with a legalistic set of questions, you will end with a legalistic question-and-answer convert. But if you begin with relationship (as the four gospels do) then you will end with a person who is committed to a relationship with God and His Son, Jesus the Messiah.
Stated yet another way, we have congregations that are full of people who believe and confess the correct doctrine, but are all but dead when it comes to a lifestyle of discipleship. Thousands have left this hypocritical situation because (a) although they were convinced enough to submit to baptism they were never converted to Jesus or (b) they genuinely desired a deep and abiding relationship with Jesus and simply could not find it in an atmosphere where coming up with the correct answer in Sunday morning Bible class was the sum total of Christian discipleship.
I have been a part of this negative evangelism for far too long. At one time I thought it was the only way to go. I heard the reports of hundreds of baptisms and I thought, “With results like that this program must be the answer!” But then I looked beyond the numbers in the bulletin and I started asking some very basic questions. Questions like: “If these programs are so successful, where are the converts a year or even 6 months after their baptism?” “Why do I have to go to a 13 week class and be ‘certified’ to ask a series of questions written by a human being?” “Why is this series of Scriptures more compelling than the list of Scriptures that the Mormons, Jehovah’s Witnesses or Seventh Day Adventists use?” “Why are so many of the questions and virtually all of the Scriptures used taken from the book of Acts and Paul’s letters, and so few (if any) taken from the gospels, if it is in the gospels that we learn about Jesus the Messiah?”
I harbor no illusions about what I am suggesting. If I am correct we must completely re-assess the very concept of evangelism that we have been using for several generations now. We cannot go on using a humanistic system and hope to attain divine results. We must shift our thinking from looking at the reports of baptisms to thinking about the formation of life-long disciples. It will require a complete re-orientation of motives and how we evaluate results. But something is seriously broken in a system that on one level proclaims so many conversions, and on another level results is so few lives being transformed into the likeness of Christ.
It is time for a method of positive, disciple forming evangelism.
[Continuing my discussion of positive evangelism]
Okay, so far we have examined the weaknesses of the “one size fits all” question and answer or “follow the bouncing Scripture” type of evangelistic programs (and those weaknesses are legion). We have seen how we need to take our students seriously and attend to their personality and to their needs. We have seen that the best tool to use in evangelism is the evangelion – the “good news” of the gospel of Jesus exactly as the Holy Spirit intended it to be written down and preserved for us. Now we turn to the role of the “evangelist.” What is the role of the human in this process?
One comment that might be in your mind regarding this series of thoughts is that I have been too harsh on those who write these “one size fits all” type of evangelistic studies. I have been pretty harsh on the studies themselves, but I really do not want to attack those who write or publish them. On one hand I do believe they have made some serious errors. But I will grant to them that they were working with the best of intentions. Good intentions do not always transition into good results, however.
No, the real culprits in the proliferation of these question/answer and “follow the bouncing Scripture” outlines are the members of the congregations who demand such materials. They (we) say that we want easy to comprehend study guides that are fast, effective, and require little in the way of study and preparation. So, that’s what the authors and the publishers have given us. These study guides are cheap, easy to master, require very little in the way of genuine in-depth Bible study, and at least on one level, can be described as effective. The long-term results, however, are distinctly negative. Campaign after campaign results in large numbers of “conversions;” people who rarely, if ever, darken the door of a church building within six months of their baptism. But we have our fast, easy and cheap evangelistic guides and the authors and publishers have their money so everyone is happy.
Is that the role of the evangelist? Baptize a person and move on to the next target? What does the Bible say? What saith the Scripture?
The apostle Paul makes clear that the gift of evangelism is one of the specific “gifts” of the Holy Spirit that he bestows on the church community (Eph. 4, Rom. 12, 1 Cor. 12). I take this distinction quite literally. That is I believe some individuals have the gift of evangelism, and others do not. What are the implications of understanding this “spiritual giftedness” aspect of evangelism?
For one thing, it means that it is manifestly NOT the duty of every Christian to be an evangelist. It IS the obligation of every Christian to be ready to give an answer for their faith (1 Peter 3:15). That is a far cry from the active role of evangelism. Nothing as complex as the process of conversion can be so “simple” that every member can perform the task. As I believe I have already demonstrated, the “one size fits all” mentality is dangerous and unbiblical. Once we free non-evangelists to discover the gift that they have been given we will go a long way toward freeing those who do have the gift of evangelism to do the work that they have been given to do.
Recognizing the spiritual giftedness of the evangelist also suggests that in every congregation there very likely is at least one, if not many more, who do have this gift. But they may not be comfortable using the “approved” method of evangelism that the preacher demands the congregation to use. My solution is to throw the program away and just teach the gospel! Our task is not to make disciples of the minister (preacher). Our task is to make disciples of Jesus. Evangelism is sharing the gospel of Jesus, it is not mastering a set of questions or becoming adept at proof-texting the Bible.
Notice, second, that if evangelism is a gift, then the one who uses it is simply a recipient, and not the source of the gift. This simple but profound truth must be remembered! We are not the masters of the text, we are simply fellow students with our non-Christian students. You can, and actually you have to, master a set of questions and answers. You can and must master a Scripture chain reference. But no matter how many years you study the text and how many commentaries and how many devotional studies you read you will never, ever master the Bible. Every time you study a gospel with a new student you will learn something new. Evangelism is a gift that keeps on giving!
Related to this, if the gift is of the Holy Spirit, then the Holy Spirit is the teacher of the student. The evangelist is simply one who shares the good news. Jesus Christ will “draw” all men to him if we will just lift him up (John 12:32). The one who masters the question and answers, the one who miraculously produces the next magic verse in the chain reference, these are the revival building gurus, the “sage on the stage” that everyone brags about. That kind of response feeds their ego, and they are quick to tell you exactly how many people they have “won” for Jesus. The Holy Spirit is nowhere to be seen or heard. But that is the kind of self-seeking person that Paul condemns. The faithful steward, the one who simply exercises his or her gift, the one who shares the text and then gets out of the way so that the Holy Spirit can do His work – THAT is the true evangelist.
Now, does this mean that all one must do is sit and read with a student to be an evangelist? Well, yes and no. Yes in the sense that we want the Holy Spirit to do the converting, but there is a role for the evangelist. The Ethiopian Eunuch told Philip, “How can I (understand) unless someone explains it to me?” So we want to guide, to lead, to share. That means we must know our subject. An evangelist will not be content to just read the text – he or she will want to increase his or her knowledge of the four gospels as much as he or she possibly can. This means the purchase and study of commentaries (commentaries must be studied, not just read). It is not too much to expect that a person can read a new commentary every six months or so. Certainly, one can read a new commentary every year. It will mean the purchase and study of special study type books focused on the gospels (focused on the parables, or the miracle stories, or maybe some technical aspect like the various endings of Mark). It will mean that he or she will want to buy and study books, or attend lectures dealing with, the various personality types of human beings and how various humans learn. The point is that Paul told Timothy he had received a special gift (2 Timothy 1:6 ) but Paul also told Timothy to study to show that he could properly handle the word of God (2 Tim. 2:15)! Being gifted is not an excuse for not studying – rather it is the invitation to deeper and greater study!
Next – summation and conclusion – putting everything together.
[Continuing the discussion of positive evangelism]
I suspect that if you have followed the train of thought in my previous posts, at this point you may be asking, “But if I do not have a published set of questions and answers, or if I do not have a ‘tried and true’ chain reference to follow, what am I going to use as a text for my evangelistic Bible study?”
To which I answer, with my tongue firmly in my cheek, “What part of the word ‘Gospel’ do you not understand?”
Another way to phrase the question is this, “Why do we feel like we have to improve upon something that we all (or virtually all) agree is inspired by the Holy Spirit?”
If the dating theories held by most scholars are correct (huge “if”), the gospels were among the last of the New Testament writings to be penned. That has some fairly significant implications as to their importance in relation to the other NT writings. If the letters to the various churches were being circulated and if they were being viewed as inspired and authoritative, the creation of the gospels and their inclusion in the canon of Scripture become both very important issues.
There are a lot of “ifs” in that last paragraph, and at this point in time there is simply no way to know when each book of the New Testament was written with a definite degree of certainty. But very early in the history of the church there was correspondence being sent from apostle to congregation, and from congregation to congregation. If this correspondence was sufficient for the task of evangelism there would have been no need for a scroll-length record of the life of Jesus. How many “gospels” of Plato do we have? Have you ever read the “Gospel of Socrates?” A true understanding of evangelism must come to grips with the fact that, despite the works that were being written, circulated, and deemed authoritative in the first few decades following Pentecost, at some point it was recognized that a record of the life of Jesus needed to be committed to paper. And, in God’s wisdom, we have not only one such record, but four.
It is a strange twist of history, but our New Testaments begin with the material that quite possible was written last – or very near the last. Why? Because the letters and other materials within the canon of the New Testament are basically unintelligible without the story of Jesus as their foundation. Clearly, Acts-Revelation contain some wonderful and life changing doctrines; but without the birth, life, teachings, and the record of the death, burial and resurrection of Jesus these doctrines would be like skin without a skeleton and muscles to fill it out.
Returning now to my thesis – that virtually all mass-produced evangelistic programs are fundamentally flawed at exactly this point – I want to ask those who use these programs: where to they typically begin? Where do you find the answers to most of the questions in the brochures? Where do you find most of the Scriptures in the “follow the bouncing Scripture” chain references? I know the answer – in the books of Acts – Revelation, primarily in the writings of Acts and also heavily in Paul’s letter to the Romans. In one chain reference evangelistic study that I have the only references that are underlined in my “official” study New Testament are in John 1 and 8 (relating to Jesus’ divinity) and the obligatory reference to Mark 16:16, mandating the necessity for baptism. That’s it. The entire course of study focuses on the remainder of the New Testament, mostly on the sinfulness of man and the references in the letters to the necessity of baptism.
The question/answer formats are even worse, in my opinion. As I mentioned earlier, many begin with a telescoped explanation of salvation history, traveling through Old and New Testament history at a breakneck speed while covering a mere fraction of the relevant texts. The rich texture of the Old Testament is compressed into a Adam-Noah-Abraham-Moses sequence. Then, with the turn of a page we jump over centuries of God’s relationship with his chosen people and we land in Bethlehem at the birth of Jesus. A few questions relate mostly to the death of Jesus, and then we spend most of our time in the books of Acts – Revelation, once again with a disproportionate amount of time in Acts and the major letters of Paul.
Thus, in programs specifically designed for the purposes of evangelism, the “evangel,” the “Good News,” the “Gospel” is virtually ignored.
I return to the questions I started with. What is it in our psyche that compels us to feel that we have to write a curriculum, create a set of questions, or manipulate a series of Scripture quotations for evangelism when we have four complete and Holy Spirit inspired gospels to use? How can we as sinful human creatures improve upon God’s own word? And why do we think that we have to?
What part of the word “Gospel” do we not understand? Are we smarter than Matthew Mark, Luke and John? Are we smarter than God?
If we claim to be a people of the book, if we claim to speak where the Bible speaks, if we want to be followers of Jesus Christ, doesn’t it make sense to do our evangelism out of the books that God gave us for that very purpose?
It is my firm conviction that a study focused entirely upon one of the four gospels that is relevant to the student’s life and experiences is the best, and dare I say only, method of positive evangelism.
[continuing my thoughts on positive evangelism]
You gotta love the Greeks. Not only did they give us great sandwiches and salads, but they also gave us some pretty cool stories as well. One of my favorites is the story of Procrustes. Maybe you have not read it in detail, but you probably have heard at least the punch line (or moral, as the Greeks used to call the punch line.)
The gist of the story of Procrustes is that he wanted everyone to be just like him. So he had this iron bed, and if you were too short to fit the bed he had you stretched out. If you were too tall for the bed he started chopping body parts off until he “cut you down to size” so to speak. The parable of the Procrustean bed is the story of someone who wants everyone to be just like they are, so whether you are bigger or smaller they have a solution to the problem.
If you have been following this series of posts from the beginning there should be no doubt in your mind that I dislike the mass-produced, “answer the question” or “follow the bouncing Scripture” type of evangelistic programs. And it is exactly at this point that I have my biggest grief with these programs. They are the evangelistic equivalent of the Procrustean bed. They are “one size fits all, universally true and tested.” Almost without exception the writer or publisher will warn against modifying the text or sequence in any way, shape or form. To do so, they aver, will destroy the effectiveness of the program. This is where these programs are the weakest, and in my humble but unquestionably correct opinion, are clearly unscriptural. Beyond that, they are psychologically questionable, if not outright damaging.
To take these points in reverse order, I dislike these programs because they attempt to fit every single individual into one narrow field of behavior. In order to reach Jesus you have to follow their questions, choose exactly the correct answer as they frame the question and they determine the answer, and follow the Scripture sequence exactly as they have it mapped out. If a student completes the course and yet does not see the need to repent and be baptized, well, they are just the hard soil on which the seed falls and they were never going to become a Christian anyway. Even if they do become a Christian and then fall away, it is because they were the rocky or weedy soil and their soul was doomed to perdition from the get-go. If the student has different questions or would like to pursue a different line of reasoning they are told to “follow the questionnaire” and politely reminded not to disrupt the teacher from his or her iron-clad procedure. I was even trained in one program to refuse to answer any of the students’ questions. The point was to get the student to answer the questions on the sheet of paper, and any question from the student was a diversion steadfastly to be avoided.
The fact is that humans do not fit just one behavioral construct, and the attempt to force individuals to think alike in order to come to a conclusion regarding faith in Jesus is damaging. It is disrespectful at its best, and cultic mind control at its worst. To disallow a student’s question is to dishonor that student. I have earned two masters degrees and all my pilot’s certificates and ratings through the commercial certificate. I know what makes a good teacher and what makes a bad teacher. A teacher who only follows one set program or one way of doing things is a poor teacher. An evangelist who does not respect the individuality of each student is abhorrent. Jesus treated every individual with courtesy and respect, recognizing their individual worth. To follow in the steps of our master means we must extend to each person the right to be treated as an individual, not a gear in a big machine.
Point number one is that by claiming only one method or tactic these programs deny the biblical precedent. Some stories in the Bible are related twice, but the overwhelming majority are only related once. Yet, when we turn to the story of Jesus there is not just one, not just two, not just three, but four accounts! It is almost like God was saying, “listen, this story is so important that I want everybody to get it, and so I am going to tell it in a way that everybody can hear and understand it!” There is not just one way to tell the gospel story. There is not just one way to hear the gospel story. And when we analyze the gospel accounts in terms of psychology and personality types we can understand why there are such marked differences between the four accounts.
We tend to look at the gospels in terms of two types – the synoptics (Greek for “seen together”), meaning Matthew, Mark, and Luke, and the second type which is the gospel of John. This is horribly damaging to Matthew, Mark and Luke. Yes, they share some characteristics and language, but they are far from being similar to the point of being lumped together. They deserve to be studied separately, and when you get into the specifics of each you can readily tell why they should not be “harmonized” as so many authors have attempted. The gospel writers use different vocabulary to tell the same stories. They use different verb tenses in the parallel stories. They change the sequence of events. They even differ in minor points of observation. And, most importantly, they are written from very different perspectives and are written to very different audiences. Understanding these differences offers great possibilities for approaching students of vastly different personality types.
Are you studying with someone who likes to see the big picture, to see how things are connected and how the past ties into the present and foretells the future? Matthew fits the bill quite nicely. Are you studying with a testosterone driven male who cannot watch more than 30 seconds of a tv show without changing the channel? Surf the gospel of Mark. Are you studying with a female who has issues with male driven power structures and especially with the idea of an all male (and all testosterone driven) church? Introduce her to the Jesus in the gospel of Luke. And, what about that right-brained, stream of consciousness thinking individual who just cannot stand linear, “connect the dot” type of reasoning? The gospel of John beckons like a warm fire on a cold winter’s night.
Of course, these are all overstated generalizations. Some women love Mark, and some accountant types love the gospel of John. But the generalization gets the point of this entry across. “One size fits all” programs deny the individuality and the different needs of human beings. We need to be sensitive to the needs of our students, and there is a gospel message that they can hear.
Now, of course this type of evangelism requires a little more work from the teacher, so in the future I will deal with this greater responsibility. But I’m over 1,200 words, and Procrustes is getting ready to start chopping words off, so I had better save that topic for another post.